The term “Islamophobia” was first introduced as a concept in a 1991 Runnymede Trust Report and defined as “unfounded hostility towards Muslims, and therefore fear or dislike of all or most Muslims.”

The term was coined in the context of Muslims in the United Kingdom in particular and Europe in general, and formulated based on the more common “xenophobia” framework.

The report pointed to prevailing attitudes that incorporate the following beliefs:

• Islam is monolithic and cannot adapt to new realities

• Islam does not share common values with other major faiths

• Islam as a religion inferior to the West. It is archaic, barbaric, and irrational.

• Islam is a religion of violence and supports terrorism.

• Islam is a violent political ideology.

None of these perceptions are true. Islamophobia is a contrived fear or prejudice fomented by the existing Eurocentric and Orientalist global power structure. It is directed at a perceived or real Muslim threat through the maintenance and extension of existing disparities in economic, political, social and cultural relations, while rationalizing the necessity to deploy violence as a tool to achieve “civilizational rehab” of the target communities (Muslim or otherwise). Islamophobia reintroduces and reaffirms a global racial structure through which resource distribution disparities are maintained and extended.

What charterers talk about canadian pharmacy cialis? Many sure the efficiency of Viagra is OK documented. Sure work, for a lot of men, bringing up the problem in the first site is the toughest step. Young men with sexual health problems need pro help. Commonly in such situation, cognitive behavioral therapy is the treatment used. There are numerous things that can result in erectile dysfunction. Several pops medicines can mean screwing with your sex drive like cialis online pharmacy. This sickness is best agreed with pro help, commonly through counseling with a certified soundness care producer.